Photo credit: Tom Lia at the Chicago Public Fire Safety Education Summit
What is Community Risk Reduction (CRR)?
As defined in NFPA 1300, Standard on Community Risk Assessment and Community Risk Reduction Plan Development, CRR is a process to identify and prioritize local risks, followed by the integrated and strategic investment of resources to reduce their occurrence and impact. In other words, it is a process to help communities find out what their risks are and develop a plan to reduce the risks viewed as high priority. The steps involved in the CRR are conducting a Community Risk Assessment (CRA), developing a CRR plan, implementing the plan, and evaluating the plan.
The CRA is a comprehensive evaluation that identifies, prioritizes, and defines the risks that pertain to the overall community. It is a critical first step in the CRR process and results in a full understanding of the community's unique risks, capabilities, and characteristics. For more information on CRR and CRA view the full standard or download our free CRR fact sheet. (PDF)
One of the nine profiles considered in a CRA, the community service profile, describes the types of historical services provided by community and nongovernmental partners and should include the capabilities of those partners. NFPA created a free template to help catalogue the information about local community service groups that may be able to help with a CRA. Download the PDF or Word version.
NFPA's CRA pilot project
Photo courtesy of Witchita Fire Department
Community Risk Assessment (CRA) is the critical first step of the CRR process. We know that while data is key in helping communities understand true risks, putting it to use can be challenging. NFPA is engaged in a pilot project with 300 communities across 49 States to develop and test digital tools designed to help fire departments and their local partners crunch the numbers and tell their unique data stories.
NFPA is building customized CRA dashboards, powered by mySidewalk, an innovative Community Intelligence Platform. NFPA 1300 provides the foundation for the user-friendly CRA dashboards and includes maps, graphs, and other visualizations to illustrate local indicators. Community leaders can use the tool to:
- Learn about the people, places, and conditions that impact safety and risk.
- Activate teams to develop CRR plans informed by data.
- Communicate findings with stakeholders, grantors, and partners.
- Drive effective and impactful program development in the prevention space.
The project will run through June 2021. Bookmark this page and check back soon for updates!
RESPONSE TO COVID-19
Community Risk Reduction resources
CRR in Action is a new blog series that asks a CRR leader three questions about their initiatives and process. Read their interviews:
Blog - Wildfires are a community problem that have a community solution
What Do We Know? Marty Ahrens, NFPA (PDF)
This presentation provides an overview of fire department responses, home structure fires, other types of fire department calls, leading causes of fatal and non-fatal injuries, and a brief introduction to RE-Aim evaluation framework.
Door Messaging Strategies & Smoke Alarm Waking Effectiveness, Victoria Hutchison, Fire Protection Research Foundation (PDF)
This presentation provides an overview of research conducted to analyze the impact of door position on home escape.
Two Years Immersed in CRR: Research Findings, Chelsea Rubadou, NFPA (PDF)
This presentation shares key findings from an NFPA listening tour designed to actively assess the landscape of Community Risk Reduction across the United States.
Podcast - NFPA Community Risk Reduction Strategist Chelsea Rubadou talks with CRR Radio about the new standard, NFPA 1300
NFPA Journal® article - Got Risk? The short answer is yes, you do. But the data-driven insights generated by the Community Risk Reduction process can help you identify, prioritize, and minimize the hazards that keep you awake at night, May/June 2019.
News release - NFPA and mySidewalk to develop Community Risk Assessment tool
Contact us at CRR@nfpa.org.